Razão cintura-quadril não possui associação com o nível de atividade física em frequentadores de um parque no Distrito Federal

Rodrigo Vanersson Passos Neves, Thiago Santos Rosa, Lysleine Alves Dutra, Rafael Reis Olher, Brande Ranter Alves Soares, Marcus Tulius Senna, Milton Rocha Moraes, Henrique de Oliveira Castro

Resumo


O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar a relação entre o nível de atividade física com um fator de risco cardiovascular (i.e. a razão cintura-quadril - RCQ), em frequentadores de um parque público do Distrito Federal. Foram selecionados 49 voluntários com idade média de 39,2 ± 13,6 anos, de ambos os sexos (22 mulheres e 27 homens). Para determinar o nível de atividade física foi empregada a versão curta do IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire) e a RCQ para determinar o risco cardiovascular, conforme a faixa etária. Quando comparado o risco cardiovascular baixo em relação aos níveis de atividade física, ocorreram as frequências de 2 (16,7%), 3 (16,7%) e 6 (31,6%), nos grupos pouco ativo, ativo e muito ativo, respectivamente. No risco cardiovascular moderado, foi observado frequências de 9 (75%), 13 (72,2%) e 11 (57,9%), nos grupos pouco ativo, ativo e muito ativo, respectivamente. Já no risco cardiovascular alto, ocorreram as distribuições de 0 (0%), 2 (11,1%) e 2 (10,5%), nos respectivos grupos de atividade física; pouco ativo, ativo e muito ativo. Enquanto no risco cardiovascular muito alto foi observado baixa frequências de 1 (8,3%), 0 (0%) e 0 (0%), pouco ativo, ativo e muito ativo, respectivamente. Desse modo, não houve associação da RCQ com o nível de atividade física em frequentadores de um parque no Distrito Federal. O que ressalta a importância da verificação da validade do IPAQ em diferentes classes sociais na determinação do nível de atividade física.

 

ABSTRACT 

Waist-hip ratio does not association with the level of physical activity in a park frequenters in the federal district

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between the level of physical activity and a cardiovascular risk factor (i.e. waist-hip ratio - WHR) in a public park frequenters in the Federal District. We selected 49 volunteers with a mean age of 39.2 ± 13.6 years, of both sexes (22 women and 27 men). To determine the level of physical activity, the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the WHR were used to determine the cardiovascular risk according to the age. When comparing the low cardiovascular risk in relation to the physical activity levels, the frequencies of 2 (16.7%), 3 (16.7%) and 6 (31.6%) occurred in the low active, active and very active groups, respectively. In moderate cardiovascular risk, frequencies of 9 (75%), 13 (72.2%) and 11 (57.9%) were observed in the low active, active and very active groups, respectively. In the high cardiovascular risk, the distributions of 0 (0%), 2 (11.1%) and 2 (10.5%) occurred in the low active, active and very active groups, respectively. While in very high cardiovascular risk, low frequencies of 1 (8.3%), 0 (0%) and 0 (0%) were observed, low active, active and very active, respectively. Thus, there was no association of WHR with the level of physical activity in park visitors in the Federal District. This highlights the importance of verifying the validity of IPAQ in different social classes in determining the level of physical activity.


Palavras-chave


Atividade Física; Saúde; Risco Cardiovascular

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


-Arena, R.; Guazzi, M.; Lianov, L.; Whitsel, L.; Berra, K.; Lavie, C.J.; Kaminsky, L.; Williams, M.; e colaboradores. Healthy Lifestyle Interventions to Combat Noncommunicable Disease-A Novel Nonhierarchical Connectivity Model for Key Stakeholders: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association, European Society of Cardiology, European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, and American College of Preventive Medicine. European Heart Journal. Vol. 36. Num. 31. 2015. p. 2097-2109.

-Artero, E.G.; Lee, D.C.; Lavie, C.J.; Espana-Romero, V.; Sui, X.; Church, T.S.; Steven, N.B. Effects of muscular strength on cardiovascular risk factors and prognosis. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention. Vol. 32. Num. 6. 2012. p. 351-358.

-Artero, E.G.; Lee, D.C.; Ruiz, J.R.; Sui, X.; Ortega, F.B.; Church, T.S.; Lavie, C.J.; Castillo, M.J.; Blair, S.N. A prospective study of muscular strength and all-cause mortality in men with hypertension. Journal of American College of Cardiology. Vol. 57. Num. 18. 2011. p. 1831-1837.

-Balducci, S.; D'Errico, V.; Haxhi, J.; Sacchetti, M.; Orlando, G.; Cardelli, P.; Di Biase, N.; Bollanti, L.; e colaboradores. Level and correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes: A cross-sectional analysis of the Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2. PLoS One. Vol. 12. Num. 3. 2017. p. e0173337.

-Booth, M. Assessment of physical activity: an international perspective. Research Quartely for Exercise and Sport. Vol. 71. Num. Suppl. 2. 2000. p. S114-120.

-Copeland, J.L.; Currie, C.; Walker, A.; Mason, E.; Willoughby, T.; Amson, A. Fitness Equipment in Public Parks: Frequency of Use and Community Perceptions in a Small Urban Centre. Journal of Physical Activity & Health. 2017. p. 1-29.

-Craig, C.L.; Marshall, A.L.; Sjostrom, M.; Bauman, A.E.; Booth, M.L.; Ainsworth, B.E.; Pratt, M.; Ekelund, U.; Yngve, A.; Sallis, J.F.; Oja, P. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. Vol. 35. Num. 8. 2003. p. 1381-1395.

-Das Neves, W.; Alves, C.R.; De Almeida, N.R.; Guimaraes, F.L.; Ramires, P.R.; Brum, P.C.; Lancha, A.H.Jr. Loss of strength capacity is associated with mortality, but resistance exercise training promotes only modest effects during cachexia progression. Life Science. Vol. 163. 2016. p. 11-22.

-Edwards, A.L. The social desirability variable in personality assessment and research. 1957.

-Falkner, K.M.; Trevisan,M.; Zielezny, J.; Freudenheim, W.; Winkelstein, W.; Fisher, R. Relative validity of recall of physical activity in the distant past: State University of New York at Buffalo. 1993.

-Flegal, K.M.; Kit, B.K.; Orpana, H.; Graubard, B.I. Association of all-cause mortality with overweight and obesity using standard body mass index categories: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the Americn Mdeical Association. Vol. 309. Num. 1. 2013. p. 71-82.

-Harber, M.P.; Kaminsky, L.A.; Arena, R.; Blair, S.N.; Franklin, B.A.; Myers, J.; Ross, R. Impact of cardiorespiratory fitness on all-cause and disease-specific mortality: Advances since 2009. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. pii:S0033-0620. Num. 17. 2017. p. 30043-30049.

-Hipp, J.A.; Bird, A.; van Bakergem, M.; Yarnall, E. Moving targets: Promoting physical activity in public spaces via open streets in the US. Preventive Medicine. 2016.

-Krogh-Madsen, R.; Pedersen, M.; Solomon, T.P.; Knudsen, S.H.; Hansen, L.S.; Karstoft, K.; Lehrkov-Schmidt, L.; Pedersen, K.K.; Thomsen, C.; Holst, J.J.; Pedersen B.K. Normal physical activity obliterates the deleterious effects of a high-caloric intake. Journal of Applied Physiology (1985). Vol. 116. Num. 3. 2014. p. 231-239.

-Lee, I.M.;Shiroma, E.J.; Lobelo, F.; Puska, P.; Blair, S.N.; Katzmarzyk, P.T.; Lencet Physical Activity Series Working Group. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet. Vol. 380. Num. 9838. 2012. p. 219-229.

-Mittleman, M.A.; Maclure, M.; Tofler, G.H.; Sherwood, J.B.; Goldberg, R.J.; Muller, J.E. Triggering of acute myocardial infarction by heavy physical exertion. Protection against triggering by regular exertion. Determinants of Myocardial Infarction Onset Study Investigators. New England Journal of Medicine. Vol. 329. Num. 23. 1993. p. 1677-1683.

-Naghavi, M.; Wang, H.; Lozano, R.; Davis, A.; Liang, X.; Zhou, M.; Vollset, S.E.; Ozgoren, A.A. Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. Vol. 385. Num. 9963. 2015. p. 117-171.

-Oliveira, G.F.; Bartholomeu, T.; Tinucci, T.; Forjaz, C.L.M. Risco cardiovascular de usuários ativos, insuficientemente ativos e inativos de parques públicos. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano. Vol. 10. Num. 2. 2008. p. 170-175.

-Oyeyemi, A.L.; Adeyemi, O. Relationship of physical activity to cardiovascular risk factors in an urban population of Nigerian adults. Archives of Public Health. Vol. 71. Num. 1. 2013. p.6.

-Pandey, A.; LaMonte, M.; Klein, L.; Ayers, C.; Psaty, B.M.; Eaton, C.B.; Allen, N.B.; de Lemos, J.A.; Carnethon, M.; Greenland, P.; Berry, J.D. Relationship Between Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, and Risk of Heart Failure. Journal of American College of Cardiology. Vol. 69. Num .9. 2017. p. 1129-1142.

-Pardini, R.; Matsudo, S.; Araújo, T.; Matsudo, V.; Andrade, E.; Braggion, G.; Andrade, D.; Oliveira, L.; Figueira, A.Jr.; Raso, V. Validação do questionário internacional de nível de atividade física (IPAQ-versão 6): estudo piloto em adultos jovens brasileiros. Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento. Vol. 9. Num. 3. 2001. p. 39-44.

-Pouliot, M.C.; Despres, J.P.; Lemieux, S.; Moorjani, S.; Bouchard, C.; Tremblay, A.; Nadeau, A.; Lupien, P.J. Waist circumference and abdominal sagittal diameter: best simple anthropometric indexes of abdominal visceral adipose tissue accumulation and related cardiovascular risk in men and women. American Journal of Cardiology. Vol. 73. Num. 7. 1994. p. 460-468.

-Ramôa Castro, A.; Oliveira, N.L.; Ribeiro, F.; Oliveira, J. Impact of educational interventions on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: A systematic review with a focus on physical activity. European Journal of General Practice. Vol. 23. Num. 1. 2017. p. 59-68.

-Ronn, P.F.; Andersen, G.S.; Lauritzen, T.; Christensen, D.L.; Aadahl, M.; Carstensen, B.; Jorgensen, M.E. Ethnic differences in anthropometric measures and abdominal fat distribution: a cross-sectional pooled study in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. pii:jech-2016-207813. 2017.

-Rosique-Esteban, N.; Diaz-Lopez, A.; Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Corella, D.; Goday, A.; Martinez, J.A.; Romaguera, D.; Vioque, J.; e colaboradores. Leisure-time physical activity, sedentary behaviors, sleep, and cardiometabolic risk factors at baseline in the PREDIMED-PLUS intervention trial: A cross-sectional analysis. PLoS One. Vol. 12. Num. 3. 2017. p.e0172253.

-Ross, R.; Blair, S.N.; Arena, R.; Church, T.S.; Despres, J.P.; Franklin, B.A.; Haskell, W.L.; Kaminsky, L.A.; e colaboradores. Importance of Assessing Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Clinical Practice: A Case for Fitness as a Clinical Vital Sign: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. Vol. 134. Num. 24. 2016. p. e653-e699.

-Roth, G.A.; Huffman, M.D.; Moran, A.E.; Feigin, V.; Mensah, G.A.; Naghavi, M.; Marray, C.J. Global and regional patterns in cardiovascular mortality from 1990 to 2013. Circulation. Vol. 132. Num. 17. 2015. p. 1667-1678.

-Rzewnicki, R.; Vanden Auweele, Y.; De Bourdeaudhuij, I. Addressing overreporting on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) telephone survey with a population sample. Public Health Nutrition. Vol. 6. Num .3. 2003. p. 299-305.

-Shephard, R.J. Limits to the measurement of habitual physical activity by questionnaires. British Journal of Sports Medicine. Vol. 37. Num. 3. 2003. p. 197-206.

-Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (SBC), Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia (SBEM). I Diretriz brasileira de diagnóstico e tratamento da síndrome metabólica. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia. Vol. 84. Num. supl 1. 2005. p.3-28.

-Yerrakalva, D.; Mullis, R.; Mant, J. The associations of "fatness," "fitness," and physical activity with all-cause mortality in older adults: A systematic review. Obesity (Silver Spring). Vol. 23. Num. 10. 2015. p. 1944-1956.


Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons

RBPFEX - Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício

IBPEFEX - Instituto Brasileiro de Pesquisa e Ensino em Fisiologia do Exercício

Editor-Chefe: Francisco Navarro. E-mail para contato: aqui

Editor Gerente: Francisco Nunes Navarro. E-mail para contato: aqui