Quantificação da carga de treinamento em jovens atletas: uma revisão sistemática da literatura

Julia Zoccolaro Durigan, Eduardo Chagas, Jorge Proença

Resumo


O objetivo do presente estudo foi apresentar uma revisão geral da literatura sobre os diferentes métodos de quantificação do controle da carga interna de treino em jovens atletas do sexo masculino. As bases de dados utilizadas foram SportDiscus, PubMed, LILACS, Google Acadêmico e Research Gate, com pesquisa entre Julho de 2016 e Janeiro de 2017, tendo os resultados limitados a jovens atletas de modalidades de esportes de raquete e voleibol, de alta competição, do sexo masculino, selecionados artigos publicados entre o ano de 2002 e 2016, em português (Brasil ou Portugal) e/ou inglês. Foram usadas as palavras-chave: (young tennis players OR young badminton players OR young volleyball players) AND (training load OR monitoring training) AND (stress OR strain) AND (perceived exertion) AND (creatine kinase OR blood creatine kinase). Foram encontrados 3.281 na análise prelimiar. No entanto, 3231 foram excluídos após a leitura dos títulos e abstracts. Desses, selecionaram-se 21 artigos para leitura na íntegra, no entanto 14 artigos foram excluídos, pois não atenderam os critérios de elegibilidade descritos no método, sendo selecionados 7 artigos para compor a presente revisão de literatura. Parece existir evidência científica de que a intensidade, frequência e duração do treino influenciam nas respostas psicológicas e físicas de jovens atletas de tênis e voleibol, onde, quanto maior a carga externa de treino (período), a intensidade do treino, maiores são os sinais e sintomas de estresses psicológicos, e mais elevadas são as respostas bioquímicas referentes ao estresse muscular.

 

Palavras-chave: Carga de treinamento. Jovens atletas. Alta competição. Estresse.

 

ABSTRACT 

The quantification of training load in young athletes: a systematic review

The present study aimed to carry out a literature review the quantification of internal training load in young male athletes. The studies were identified using SportDiscus, PubMed, LILACS, Google Acadêmico e Research Gate databases, accessed during July 2016 until January 2017, considering articles published between 2002 and 2016 in Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal), English and Spanish. In the search strategy were used the descriptors: (young tennis players OR young badminton players OR young volleyball players) AND (training load OR monitoring training) AND (stress OR strain) AND (perceived exertion) AND (creatine kinase OR blood creatine kinase). Were found 3.281 studies for preliminary analysis. After reading titles and asbtracts, 3.260 papers were excluded. A total of 21 papers were included for full-text review, but 14 articles were excluded as they did not fulfill the eligibility criteria described in methods. Consequently, only 7 articles were selected based on relevance to review. There is scientific evidence that intensity, frequency and duration of training effects of psychological and physical responses of young tennis and volleyball players, where, high intensity training results in increases of both, signs and symptoms of stress, and biochemical markers of muscular damage.


Palavras-chave


Carga de treinamento; Jovens atletas; Alta competição; Estresse

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