Produção de conhecimento sobre Crossfit®: revisão sistemática

Fábio Hech Dominski, Thiago Teixeira Serafim, Alexandro Andrade


O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a produção científica sobre CrossFit através de uma revisão sistemática. Para condução desta foram utilizadas as recomendações da Declaração PRISMA. A busca dos artigos foi realizada nas bases de dados Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Pubmed, SportDiscus e Web of Science, resultando em 294 publicações sendo 44 selecionados para análise final. Observa-se crescimento no número de publicações por ano, principalmente a partir de 2015. Os estudos mostraram temas relacionados principalmente a Fisiologia do Exercício (n=11) e Psicologia do Esporte e do Exercício (9). A maioria dos estudos foram realizados por pesquisadores dos Estados Unidos (24 / 54,54%) e Brasil (5 / 11,36%). Conclui-se que o CrossFit é um tema de pesquisa de crescimento exponencial recente. As publicações demonstram foco nos temas relacionados à Fisiologia do Exercício e Psicologia do Esporte e do Exercício, destacando-se pesquisadores de instituições dos Estados Unidos e Brasil.



Knowledge production about crossfit®: systematic review

This study aimed to systematically review the scientific production about CrossFit. It was used the PRISMA recommendations to conduct the systematic review. The electronic search was performed in the databases Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Pubmed, SportDiscus and Web of Science. Of 294 studies screened, 44 satisfied the inclusion criteria. An increase in publications was observed, especially from 2015. The studies showed themes related to Exercise Physiology (11), Psychology of Sport and Exercise (9). Most of the studies were performed by researchers in the USA (24 / 54.54%), followed by Brazil (5 / 11.36%). We concluded that there is recent exponential growth in publications about CrossFit. Our results demonstrated a focus on themes related to Exercise Physiology and Psychology of Sport and Exercise, driven by researchers of institutions of USA and Brazil.


Exercício Físico; Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade; Motivação; Revisão

Texto completo:



-Andrade, A.; Brandt, R.; Dominski, F.H.; Vilarino, G.T.; Coimbra, D.; Moreira, M. Sports Psychology in Brazil: Review in Psychology Journals. Psicologia em Estudo. Vol. 20. Num. 2. 2015. p.309-317.

-Araujo, M.K.; Baeza, R.M.; Zalada, S.R.B.; Alves, P.B.R.; de Mattos, C.A. Injuries among amateur runners. Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia (English Edition). Vol. 50. Núm. 5. 2015. p. 537-540.

-Aune, K. T.; Powers, J. M. Injuries in an extreme conditioning program. Sports health. Vol. 9. Num. 1. 2017. p. 52-58.

-Barfield, J.; Anderson, A. Effect of CrossFit™ on Health-related Physical Fitness: A Pilot Study. Journal of Sport and Human Performance. Vol. 2. Num. 1. 2014.

-Bellar, D.; Hatchett, A.; Judge, L.; Breaux, M.; Marcus, L. The relationship of aerobic capacity, anaerobic peak power and experience to performance in CrossFit exercise. Biol Sport. Vol. 32. Num. 4. 2015. p. 315-320.

-Burr, J. F.; Beck, J. L.; Durocher, J. J. The relationship of high-intensity cross-training with arterial stiffness. Journal of Sport and Health Science, In press. 2017.

-Butcher, S.J.; Judd, T.B.; Benko, C.R.; Horvey, K.J.; Pshyk, A.D. Relative Intensity of Two Types of Crossfit Exercise: Acute Circuit and High-Intensity Interval Exercise. Journal of Fitness Research. Vol. 4. Num. 2. 2015a. p. 3-16.

-Butcher, S.J.; Neyedly, T.J.; Horvey, K.J.; Benko, C.R. Do physiological measures predict selected crossFit® benchmark performance? Open access journal of sports medicine. Vol. 6. 2015b. p. 241-247.

-Chachula, L. A.; Cameron, K. L.; Svoboda, S. J. Association of Prior Injury With the Report of New Injuries Sustained During CrossFit Training. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care. Vol. 8. Núm. 1. 2016. p. 28-34.

-Chavez, J. M.; Gonzalez, P. G. Suspected lumbar compartment syndrome: a rare cause of low back pain after strenuous exercise. The Spine Journal. Vol. 13. Núm. 10. 2013. p. 1409-1410.

-Cronin, C. C.; O'Neal, E.; Simpson, J.; Miller, B. L.; Green, M.; Helm Allen, J. A.; Boman, S. Natural Training Hydration Status, Sweat Rates, and Perception of Sweat Losses During Crossfit Training. International Journal of Exercise Science. Vol. 9. Núm. 5. 2016. p. 576-586.

-Davies, M. J.; Coleman, L.; Stellino, M. B. The Relationship between Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Behavioral Regulation, and Participation in CrossFit. Journal of Sport Behavior. Vol. 39. Núm. 3. 2016 p. 239-254.

-Eather, N.; Morgan, P. J.; Lubans, D. R. Effects of exercise on mental health outcomes in adolescents: Findings from the CrossFit™ teens randomized controlled trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Vol. 26. 2016 p. 14-23.

-Eather, N.; Morgan, P. J.; Lubans, D. R. Improving health-related fitness in adolescents: the CrossFit Teens™ randomised controlled trial. Journal of sports sciences. Vol. 34. Núm. 3. 2016a. p. 209-223.

-Escobar, K. A.; Morales, J.; Vandusseldorp, T. A. The Effect of a Moderately Low and High Carbohydrate Intake on Crossfit Performance. International journal of exercise science. Vol. 9. Núm. 3. 2016. p. 460.

-Fernández, J.F.; Solana, R.S.; Moya, D.; Marin, J.M.S.; Ramón, M.M. Acute physiological responses during crossfit® workouts. European Journal of Human Movement. Vol. 35. 2015. p. 114-124.

-Fisher, J.; Sales, A.; Carlson, L.; Steele, J. A comparison of the motivational factors between CrossFit participants and other resistance exercise modalities: a pilot study. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 2016.

-Fisker, F.; Kildegaard, S.; Thygesen, M.; Grosen, K.; Pfeiffer‐Jensen, M. Acute tendon changes in intense CrossFit workout: an observational cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. Vol. 27. Núm. 11. 2016. p. 1258-1262.

-Freire-Júnior, F. A.; dos Santos, H. M. L. L.; Silva-Santos, G. L. L.; de Melo Marins, D.; Souza-Silva, A. A.; da Silva Reis, G.; Lopes, L. R.; Carvalho, F. O.; Laitano, O. Equilíbrio hídrico em mulheres durante uma sessão de treinamento funcional de alta intensidade. Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento. Vol. 23. Núm. 4. 2015. p. 38-45.

-Friedman, M.V.; Stensby, J.D.; Hillen, T.J.; Demertzis, J.L.; Keener, J.D. Traumatic Tear of the latissimus dorsi myotendinous junction: case report of a crossfit-related injury. Sports health. Vol. 7. Núm. 6. 2015. p. 548-552.

-Fuentes-Lorca, A. La Aplicación Del Crossfit En El Ámbito Escolar. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte. Vol. 5. Núm. 1. 2016. p. 1-17.

-Gillen, J. B.; Gibala, M. J. Is high-intensity interval training a time-efficient exercise strategy to improve health and fitness? Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. Vol. 39. Núm. 3. 2013. p. 409-412

-Gomez, S.S.; Coimbra, D.R.; García, F.G.; Miranda, R.; Barra Filho, M. Análise da produçao científica em psicología do esporte no Brasil e no exterior. Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología Del Ejercicio y El Deporte. Vol. 2. Núm. 1. 2016. p.25-40.

-Grier, T.; Canham-Chervak, M.; McNulty, V.; Jones, B.H. Extreme conditioning programs and injury risk in a US Army Brigade Combat Team. US Army Med Dep J. Núm. 2013. p. 36-47.

-Heinrich, K., M.; Patel, P., M.; O’Neal, J., L.; Heinrich, B., S. High-intensity compared to moderate-intensity training for exercise initiation, enjoyment, adherence, and intentions: an intervention study. BMC Public Health. Vol. 14. Núm. 1. 2014. p. 789.

-Joondeph, S. A.; Joondeph, B. C. Retinal detachment due to CrossFit training injury. Case reports in ophthalmological medicine. 2013.

-Kliszczewicz, B.; John, Q.C.; Daniel, B.L.; Gretchen, O.D.; Michael, E.R.; Kyle, T.J. Acute Exercise and Oxidative Stress: CrossFit™ vs. Treadmill Bout. Journal of human kinetics. Vol. 47. Núm. 1. 2015. p. 81-90.

-Kliszczewicz, B.; Snarr, R.; Esco, M. Metabolic and Cardiovascular Demand of A Named Crossfit Workout" Cindy". Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2013, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 530 Walnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3621 USA. Vol. 45. Núm. 5. 2013. p.155-155.

-Knapp, B.A. Rx’d and shirtless: An examination of gender in a CrossFit box. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal. Vol. 23. Núm. 1. 2015. p. 42-53.

-Köteles, F.; Kollsete, M.; Kollsete, H. Psychological concomitants of crossfit training: does more exercise really make your everyday psychological functioning better? Kineziologija. Vol. 48. Núm. 1. 2016. p. 39-48.

-Kramer, S.J.; Baur, D.A.; Spicer, M.T.; Vukovich, M.D.; Ormsbee, M.J. The effect of six days of dietary nitrate supplementation on performance in trained CrossFit athletes. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. Vol. 13. Núm. 1. 2016. p. 39.

-Lichtenstein, M. B.; Jensen, T. T. Exercise addiction in CrossFit: Prevalence and psychometric properties of the Exercise Addiction Inventory. Addictive Behaviors Reports. Vol. 3. 2016. p. 33-37.

-Lu, A.; Shen, P.; Lee, P.; Dahlin, B.; Waldau, B.; Nidecker, A. E.; Nundkumar, A.; Bobinski, M. CrossFit-related cervical internal carotid artery dissection. Emergency radiology. Vol. 22. Núm. 4. 2015. p. 449-452.

-Meyer, J.; Morrison, J.; Zuniga, J. The Benefits and Risks of CrossFit: A Systematic Review. Workplace Health & Safety. Vol. 65. Num 12. 2017. p. 612-618.

-Moher, D.; Shamseer, L.; Clarke, M.; Ghersi, D.; Liberati, A.; Petticrew, M.; ... Stewart, L. A. PRISMA-P Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Systematic reviews. Vol. 4. Núm. 1. 2015. p. 1.

-Montalvo, A.M.; Shaefer, H.; Rodriguez, B.; Li, T.; Epnere, K.; Myer, G.D. Retrospective injury epidemiology and risk factors for injury in crossfit. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. Vol. 16. Núm. 1. 2017. p. 53.

-Moran, S.; Booker, H.; Staines, J.; Williams, S. Rates and risk factors of injury in CrossFit: A prospective cohort study. Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. Vol. 57. Núm. 9. 2017. p. 1147-1153.

-Murawska-Cialowicz, E.; Wojna, J.; Zuwala-Jagiello, J. Crossfit training changes brain-derived neurotrophic factor and irisin levels at rest, after wingate and progressive tests, and improves aerobic capacity and body composition of young physically active men and women. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. Vol. 66. Núm. 6. 2015. p. 811-21.

-Ouellette, K. A.; Brusseau, T. A.; Davidson, L. E.; Ford, C. N.; Hatfield, D. L.; Shaw, J. M.; Eisenman, P. A. Comparison of the Effects of Seated, Supine, and Walking Interset Rest Strategies on Work Rate. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. Vol. 30. Núm. 12. 2016. p. 3396-3404.

-Outlaw, J. J.; Wilborn, C. D.; Smith-Ryan, A. E.; Hayward, S. E.; Urbina, S. L.; Taylor, L. W.; Foster, C. A. Effects of a pre-and post-workout protein-carbohydrate supplement in trained crossfit individuals. Springerplus. Vol. 3. Núm. 1. 2014. p. 369.

-Partridge, J. A.; Knapp, B. A.; Massengale, B. D. An investigation of motivational variables in CrossFit facilities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. Vol. 28. Núm. 6. 2014. p. 1714-1721.

-Perciavalle, V.; Marchetta, N.S.; Giustiniani, S.; Borbone, C.; Perciavalle, V.; Petralia, M.C.; Coco, M. Attentive processes, blood lactate and CrossFit®. The Physician and sports medicine. Vol. 44. Núm. 4. 2016. p. 403-406.

-Sánchez-Alcaraz Martínez, B. J.; Gómez Mármol, A. Percepción de esfuerzo, diversión y aprendizaje en alumnos de educación secundaria en las clases de Educación Física durante una Unidad Didáctica de CrossFit. Sport TK. Vol. 4. Núm 1. 2015. p. 63-68.

-Sousa, A.F.; dos Santos, G.B.; dos Reis, T.; Valerino, A.J.; Del Rosso, S.; Boullosa, D.A. Differences in Physical Fitness between Recreational CrossFit® and Resistance Trained Individuals. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online. Vol. 19. Núm. 5. 2016. p.112-122.

-Shaw, B.S.; Dullabh, M.; Forbes, G.; Brandkamp, J-L.; Shaw, I. Analysis of physiological determinants during a single bout of Crossfit. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. Vol. 15. Núm. 3. 2015. p. 809-815.

-Sibley, B. A.; Bergman, S. M. What keeps athletes in the gym? Goals, psychological needs, and motivation of CrossFit™ participants. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2017. p. 1-20.

-Skelly, L. E.; Andrews, P. C.; Gillen, J. B.; Martin, B. J.; Percival, M. E.; Gibala, M. J. High-intensity interval exercise induces 24-h energy expenditure similar to traditional endurance exercise despite reduced time commitment. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. Vol. 39. Núm. 7. 2014. p. 845-848.

-Smith, M.M.; Sommer, A.J.; Starkoff, B.E.; Devor, S.T. Crossfit-based high-intensity power training improves maximal aerobic fitness and body composition. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. Vol. 27. Núm. 11. 2013. p. 3159-3172.

-Sprey, J., W.; Ferreira, T.; de Lima, M., V.; Duarte, Jr., A.; Jorge, P., B.; Santili, C. An Epidemiological Profile of CrossFit Athletes in Brazil. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. V. 4. Núm. 8. 2016. p. 2325967116663706.

-Summitt, R.J.; Cotton, R.A.; Kays, A.C.; Slaven, E.J. Shoulder injuries in individuals who participate in crossfit training. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Vol. 8. Núm. 6. 2016. p. 541-546.

-Tafuri, S.; Notarnicola, A.; Monno, A.; Ferretti, F.; Moretti, B. CrossFit athletes exhibit high symmetry of fundamental movement patterns. A cross-sectional study. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal. Vol. 6. Núm. 1. 2016. p. 157.

-Tibana, R. A.; De Almeida, L. M.; Frade de Sousa, N. M.; Nascimento, D. D. C.; Neto, I. V.; de Almeida, J. A.; Navalta, J. W. Two Consecutive Days of Crossfit Training Affects Pro and Anti-inflammatory Cytokines and Osteoprotegerin without Impairments in Muscle Power. Frontiers in Physiology. Vol. 7. 2016a.

-Tibana, R. A.; De Almeida, L. M.; Prestes, J. Crossfit® Riscos ou Benefícios? O que sabemos até o momento? Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento. V. 23. Núm. 1. 2015. p. 182-185.

-Tibana, R.A.; de Farias, D.L.; Nascimento, D.; Da Silva‐Grigoletto, M.E.; Prestes, J. Relação da força muscular com o desempenho no levantamento olímpico em praticantes de CrossFit®. Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte. 2016b.

-van Gent, B.R.; Siem, D.D.; van Middelkoop, M.; van Os, T.A.; Bierma-Zeinstra, S.S.; Koes, B.B. Incidence and determinants of lower extremity running injuries in long distance runners: a systematic review. British journal of sports medicine. 2007.

-Virtuoso, J.F.; Haupenthal, A.; Pereira, N.D.; Martins, C.; Knabben, R.; Andrade, A. A produção de conhecimento em fisioterapia: análise de periódicos nacionais (1996 a 2009). Fisioterapia em Movimento. Vol. 24. Núm. 1. 2011. p. 173-80.

-Vitor-Costa, M.; Silva, P. M. D.; Soriano, J. B. A avaliação da produtividade em pesquisa na Educação Física: reflexões sobre algumas limitações dos indicadores bibliométricos. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, São Paulo. Vol. 26. Núm. 4. 2012. p. 581-597.

-Waryasz, G.R.; Suric, V.; Daniels, A.H.; Gil, J.A.; Eberson, C.P. CrossFit® instructor demographics and practice trends. Orthopedic Reviews. Vol. 8. Núm. 4. 2016.

-Weisenthal, B.M.; Beck, C.A.; Maloney, M.D.; DeHaven, K.E.; Giordano, B.D. Injury rate and patterns among CrossFit athletes. Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine. Vol. 2. Núm. 4. 2014. p. 1-7.


  • Não há apontamentos.

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons

RBPFEX - Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício

IBPEFEX - Instituto Brasileiro de Pesquisa e Ensino em Fisiologia do Exercício

Editor-Chefe: Francisco Navarro. E-mail para contato: aqui

Editor Gerente: Francisco Nunes Navarro. E-mail para contato: aqui