Estratégia e ritmo de prova em eventos atléticos: diferença entre os termos, mecanismos de regulação e os seus fatores determinantes e influenciadores

Carlos Rafaell Correia-Oliveira, Maria Augusta Peduti Dal'Molin Kiss

Resumo


Nos últimos 20 anos, diversos estudos têm focado em exercícios que simulam cenários reais de competição, tais como os testes contrarrelógio. Nesse tipo de exercício, os atletas podem conscientemente determinar a sua estratégia antes da prova ou ajustar, conscientemente ou subconscientemente, o seu ritmo de prova dependendo de alguns fatores. Por isso, sendo considerado um "hot topic" das ciências do esporte atualmente, o propósito dessa revisão é abordar os principais mecanismos de regulação e fatores determinantes e influenciadores da estratégia e ritmo de prova, respectivamente, além de esclarecer as dúvidas sobre os termos 'estratégia de prova' e 'ritmo de prova', que tem sido empregado frequentemente como sinônimos.


Palavras-chave


Desempenho atlético; Exercício; Atletas; Sistema nervoso central

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